WATCH | Canadian visiting Lebanon describes impact of blast: And then there's the issue of storage. Copyright © 2017. It was reported that 2,750 tonnes of ammonium nitrate was stored in a warehouse for six years without safety measures. For decades, Australia has produced, stored and used ammonium nitrate without a major incident. Hi, I'm Tim and I want to welcome you to wanttoknowit.com. The chemical made the news again after a huge explosion in Beirut caused the death of 100 people and nearly 4,000 injuries. Global production was estimated at 21.6 million tonnes in 2017. When mixed with fuel oils, the chemical creates a potent explosive that is widely used in the construction industry. The reason it's used as an explosive, said Andrea Sella, a professor of chemistry at University College London, is that it can be very efficient. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound that consists of nitrogen, hydrogen and oxygen. To see all content on The Sun, please use the Site Map. But what is it and what is it used for? Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the formula NH₄NO₃. Box 500 Station A Toronto, ON Canada, M5W 1E6. Required fields are marked *, You can use these HTML tags and attributes
. These packs are commonly used to reduce swelling for sports injuries or other first aid situations where ice is not available. When ammonium nitrate is changed from a solid to a gas, one of the byproducts is nitrogen dioxide. In most countries, it is used to make explosives for mining, quarrying and civil construction because of its low cost and ready availability. It is widely used in many explosives used in the mining and construction sectors. This reaction is highly exothermic and proceeds violently. She is the editor of the Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada and the author of several books. And there's nitrogen. Comments are subject to our community guidelines, which can be viewed, The chemical is widely used as a fertiliser but has been used to make explosives because of its low cost, Wreckage from the 2001 chemical plant explosion in Toulouse, The blast in the port area of Beirut on August 4, Beirut explosion - Frantic search for hundreds of survivors trapped under rubble after blast so big it tore off clothes, Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO). It's something often referred to as a "Wilson cloud," Sella said, and typically happens when the air is humid. Fireworks, ammonium nitrate likely fueled Beirut explosion, Beirut explosion: PM says warehouse stored 2,750 tons of ammonium nitrate for 6 years, Beirut blast death toll reaches 113; nearly 4,000 injured and 300,000 displaced, Beirut Blast Live Updates: Huge explosion rocks Lebanon's capital - 70 dead, 3000 injured, Destruction on Beirut streets after massive blast, MHA issues new Covid guidelines; allows states to impose local night curfew, not lockdowns, J&K BJP chief lambasts PDP for maintaining links with terror outfits as NIA arrests Para, Cyclone Nivar moving slowly off Tamil Nadu coast; 'very severe storm' landfall in evening, Haryana & MP to follow footsteps of UP govt, anti-Love Jihad law to be enacted soon. Closed Captioning and Described Video is available for many CBC shows offered on CBC Gem. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the chemical formula NH 4 NO 3.It is a white crystalline solid consisting of ions of ammonium and nitrate.It is highly soluble in water and hygroscopic as a solid, although it does not form hydrates.It is predominantly used in agriculture as a high-nitrogen fertilizer. I'm A Celeb in fresh fakery row as castle trials actually filmed in studio, CBB star Heavy D dies aged 47 after going missing for days as pals pay tribute, I'm A Celeb's Giovanna Fletcher's brother Mario Falcone hits out at Shane Richie, Woman in hysterics as ASOS jumpsuit JUST covers boobs after buying model's size, National living wage to rise to £8.91 an hour, Rishi Sunak announces, ©News Group Newspapers Limited in England No. It was reported that 2,750 tonnes of ammonium nitrate was stored in a warehouse for six years without safety measures. What is ammonium nitrate, and how did it cause such a devastating explosion in Beirut? But what is it and what is it used for? But on the other hand, given the right kind of kick, [it can] explode.". A fire triangle consists of ammonium, oxygen and the ignition. A HUGE explosion erupted in Beirut on August 4 causing 100 deaths and nearly 4,000 injuries. By submitting a comment, you accept that CBC has the right to reproduce and publish that comment in whole or in part, in any manner CBC chooses. pic.twitter.com/yBEGzwYeGv. An investigation into the blast is being carried out, however, President Michel Aoun and Prime Minister Hassan Diab have claimed that the explosion was caused by over 2,000 tonnes of ammonium nitrate, that was stored unsafely in a warehouse for six years. Ammonium Nitrate Uses and Sources . It has been the cause of numerous industrial explosions over the last three decades, including the explosion at a chemical plant in Toulouse, France, in 2001 that killed 31 people. It is a white crystalline solid and is highly soluble in water. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the formula NH₄NO₃. In most countries, it is used to make explosives for mining, quarrying and civil construction because of its low cost and ready availability. The subsequent explosion levelled the town and killed 700 people. It is popular because it is a cheap and highly stable explosive. "On the one side, the ammonium has hydrogen in it. Ammonium nitrate fertilizer is the most common use of the compound, but it also has a very volatile nature, which makes it useful in certain industries.