{ bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg); "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); 'max': 3, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, }); googletag.pubads().collapseEmptyDivs(false); And I could detect more words in the few Hindi Bollywood movies that I have seen as well. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, } googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_t", "religion"); dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); Hindu Samuel Johnson from the Economist suggests this could be a union at birth, something I am yet to discover. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Hindu-Arabic-numerals, Archimedes' Laboratory - Origins of the Numerals, MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive - The Arabic Numeral System. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, }; { { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, 'increment': 0.5, iasLog("criterion : cdo_t = religion"); name: "idl_env", { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, userIds: [{ { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, pbjsCfg = { var mapping_houseslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [300, 250]).build(); name: "pbjs-unifiedid", iasLog("criterion : cdo_dc = english-arabic"); It is considered an 'indianized' phrase with borrowed hindi words. type: "html5", bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("sfr", "cdo_dict_english-arabic"); It's easy to find many such references through internet searches and books. Hindu {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, var pbMobileLrSlots = [ Several different claims, each having a certain amount of justification, have been made with respect to the origin of modern Western numerals,... Several different claims, each having a certain amount of justification, have been made with respect to the origin of modern Western numerals, commonly spoken of as Arabic but preferably as Hindu-Arabic. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, name: "unifiedId", { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; What’s kept me intrigued in the process is the strong resemblance Arabic has to Hindi, Persian or Urdu. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, },{ Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, You can get more than one meaning for one word in Arabic. var mapping_topslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], []).addSize([0, 550], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]]).build(); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, Hindu { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, initAdSlotRefresher(); By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. name: "pubCommonId", // FIXME: (temporary) - send ad requests only if PlusPopup is not shown googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, ga('create', 'UA-31379-3',{cookieDomain:'dictionary.cambridge.org',siteSpeedSampleRate: 10}); {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]] } }, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pt", "entry"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, Having worked with many people from India and Pakistan in the 1990s, I was often fascinated by words that sounded Arabic in origin. dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); The Evolution of a System. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_tc", "resp");