Roos developed the Growing Small Farms website in 2002 after a survey revealed that approximately 95% of local farmers regularly used the Internet. Photo: Annie Klodd: Apple growers should anticipate some level of plum curculio damage during harvest this year. Adults can be found in orchards for 5 to 7 weeks. Slight feeding occurs on petals, buds, and blossoms, but there is little injury until the fruit is available. Non-crop hosts include wild plum, hawthorn, and crabapple. While I can’t confirm from the photo, I suspect this might be the work of the plum curculio, a weevil-type insect pest of many fruit crops including apple, pear, stone fruit and blueberry. Plum curculio is a snout beetle pest found throughout North America east of the Rocky Mountains. While it has only a single generation in Kentucky, it can cause serious early-season fruit damage to apple, pears, peaches and other stone fruits. Read between the lines if you live elsewhere and you will be able to pick up pointers for similar hard-backed pests of the beetle persuasion. Growers in the southern half of Minnesota are starting to report that their earliest berries are beginning to ripen. The Plum Curculio prefers plums but also infest peaches, apples, pears, cherries, quince, blueberries and other fruits. Plum curculio is the key fruit insect pest that attacks peaches in Georgia and adjacent Southeastern states. The plum curculio (Conotrachelus nenuphar) is an important pest of fruit in North America.Considered oligophagous (feeding only on a limited number of foods), plum curculio largely utilizes rosaceous hosts like stone and pome fruits, but it may be a pest of blueberry in some regions. Shane Bugeja and I just had a phone call today with researchers at University of Connecticut, who have also been experiencing this issue for several years. It generally attacks in early spring, but the damage will continue throughout the season. From Bear Creek to Bynum, Silk Hope to Moncure, the Chatham County landscape is dotted with small farms. After a couple weeks of feeding on the fruit, the larva will exit the fruit to pupate in the soil. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Guess the Pest Week #9 Answer: Plum Curculio. programs are open to all and will not discriminate against anyone because of race, Foliar nutrient tests and disease screening are currently being done on samples taken from one site in Minnesota, and we look forward to receiving the results; hopefully they shed some light on this issue. A fact sheet with photos and . Farmers throughout the county are known for growing a great diversity of agricultural products, including vegetables, fruits, cut flowers, herbs, poultry, beef, pork, dairy products, and other goods. Chatham’s proximity to upscale Triangle-area markets ensures a steady demand for the organic and sustainably-grown crops produced by area farmers. Curculio Riffs by Michael Phillips. Damage by PC is prevalent this year, likely due to the warm temperatures that we have been experiencing. As always, don't hesitate to reach out with questions and pictures. Today, this position is fully funded by the Chatham County government, which recognizes the value of sustainable agriculture to the county. Apples, peaches, pears, and cherries (as well as plums) are all susceptible to plum curculio. Four farmers’ markets in the county provide residents with ample opportunities to shop and interact with local growers throughout the long growing season. Click on the Guess the Pest logo to participate in this week’s Guess the Pest challenge! Week #9 Answer: Plum Curculio, 2020 Cover Crop Planting Deadline Extended–Again, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources. What separates NC State University from other schools? The University of Maryland, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources The challenge is to preserve this rural landscape in the face of development pressures from Raleigh and Chapel Hill. The female lays her eggs in small wounds she carves in the fruit, leading to a clear ooze emerging afterwards. Plum curculio can cause injury all season long and it is difficult to scout well enough to spray only as needed. Visit our farmers’ markets to purchase the freshest vegetables, fruits, meats, baked goods, and other products, all grown or made locally by the person selling it to you. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Cooperative Extension has offices in every county, Chatham County Center of North Carolina Cooperative Extension, Learn more about Extension Agent Debbie Roos, Mountain Horticultural Crops Research & Extension Center, Vernon G. James Research & Extension Center, Entomology – Insect Biology and Management, Mountain Horticultural Crops Research and Extension Center, Weed Management in Nurseries, Landscapes & Christmas Trees. These insects are active primarily at night, which explains why you don’t see them. Chatham County Agricultural Extension Agent Debbie Roos works with farmers to promote increased awareness, understanding, and practice of sustainable agriculture through monthly educational workshops, a website, on-farm visits, and other consultation. NC State Extension is the largest outreach program at NC State University. Extension Agent, Agriculture - Sustainable / Organic Production, N.C. Everyone else who guessed correctly will also have their name entered into the raffle. The Chatham County Center of North Carolina Cooperative Extension has long recognized the value and importance of the sustainable agriculture practiced by small farms in the area. One way to preserve the rural landscape is to help keep farms in the county. Drought stress can be exacerbated if lots of weeds are present, or if the trees are having to compete with dense grass around the trees. The site has since grown to over 500 pages and receives over 25,000 visitors each month. Female adults cut a crescent-shaped hole in the young fruit to deposit eggs just beneath the skin. After letting me take photos for this article, the grower immediately sterilized his pruners with 10% bleach, pruned off the infected shoots below the infection, and sealed them in a garbage bag to be disposed of (see photo below). Photos by Debbie Roos, Agricultural Extension Agent. NC State Extension is the largest outreach program at NC State University. Fun Entomology Fact: The family Curculionidae (true weevils), are the largest family of insects with the most species described worldwide. Plum curculio, a snout beetle, is an important pest on stone fruits like plums, cherries, and peaches. Photo: Annie Klodd. After codling moth, plum curculio is often regarded as the most serious pest of tree fruits in eastern North America. It has been estimated that a single beetle will average over 100 feeding and/or puncture wounds during its lifespan. The Buy Local Guide lists community supported agriculture farms, on-farm stands, pick-your-own farms, wineries, and more. Learn More About NC State Extension, We have several topic based e-mail newsletters that are sent out periodically when we have new information to share. Conotrachelus nenuphar - Plum Curculio. Cooperative Extension, Chatham County Center, N.C. gender identity and expression. Damage from these beetles can be extensive. They belong to the weevil family, commonly referred to as the snout beetles. While the most critical time for controlling PC was the two weeks following petal fall, certain insecticides can still be applied now to reduce populations. These scars are usually only cosmetic. If plum curculio infestation occurs and a rescue treatment is needed, organophosphates and neonicotinoids can provide curative action up to two weeks after plum curculio infestation, although in some cases dead cadavers can still be found in fruit. Identifying Plum Curculio. Chatham has a large concentration of farms practicing organic and sustainable agriculture that strive to be environmentally responsible, economically viable, and socially just. A: Plum curculio is a small “snout beetle” that attacks peaches and plums. Farms don’t exist without consumers, so please take the time to get to know the farmers in your community and support their efforts to keep Chatham County green! Cryptorhynchus species? Rotating cross arm trellis for blackberries, Blueberries beginning to ripen - tentative U-Pick openings planned. As the fruit continues to grow, the slit the female beetle cut below the egg develops into the classic, crescent shaped scar that you see in the photo above. Two geographical strains have been identified – northern and southern (see above). In a time when the trend in conventional agriculture is towards fewer and larger farms and many of North Carolina’s “conventional” farmers are struggling, the sustainable and diverse agriculture practiced by Chatham’s small farms provides the best hope for keeping agriculture a viable part of the community. © Regents of the University of Minnesota. Adults emerge from debris on the ground and infest the tree in spring at about bloom time. North Carolina citizens each year through local centers in the state's 100 counties Before the rain events of earlier this week, much of the state has been experiencing below-average precipitation combined with high winds, high temperatures, and low humidity.